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Results 1 to 6 of 6 Thread: [SOLVED] Bash error message handling Thread Tools Show Printable Version Subscribe to this Thread… Display Linear Mode Switch to Hybrid Mode Switch to Threaded You can check for files with files open by usingĀ lsof. exit "${2:-1}" ## Return a code specified by $2 or 1 by default. } [[ $TRESHOLD =~ ^[0-9]+$ ]] || error_exit "Threshold must be an integer value!" share|improve this answer answered Yes, of course I'm an adult! this contact form

With Bash scripts, if the exit code is not specified in the script itself the exit code used will be the exit code of the last command run. more hot questions question feed lang-bsh about us tour help blog chat data legal privacy policy work here advertising info mobile contact us feedback Technology Life / Arts Culture / Recreation specially in log() function . –moata_u Mar 7 '11 at 17:00 No problem; comments and example log output now added. –geekosaur Mar 7 '11 at 17:21 Thanks sorry for that if you feel offended.

Bash Last Error Message

Video displays in Star Wars How rich can one single time travelling person actually become? Do you want to help us debug the posting issues ? < is the place to report it, thanks ! When taking passengers, what should I do to prepare them? If the exit code of ./tmp.sh is 1 however, the commands within the parenthesis will be executed next.

It contains the current # line number. vBulletin ©2000 - 2016, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd. Meaning of "soul-sapping" more hot questions question feed lang-bsh about us tour help blog chat data legal privacy policy work here advertising info mobile contact us feedback Technology Life / Arts Bash Get Error Code From Command Exit status As you recall from previous lessons, every well-written program returns an exit status when it finishes.

Script: #!/bin/bash touch /root/test 2> /dev/null if [ $? -eq 0 ] then echo "Successfully created file" exit 0 else echo "Could not create file" >&2 exit 1 fi With the Or you can merge it into stdout with 2>&1. I have a simple question, and my searches have not found an answer so I want your help! command; then echo "command failed"; exit 1; fi What if you have a command that returns non-zero or you are not interested in its return value?

The Linux Documentation Project has a pretty good table of reserved exit codes and what they are used for. Bash Throw Error An error exit function Since we will be checking for errors often in our programs, it makes sense to write a function that will display error messages. The Woz Monitor Rosa Parks is a [symbol?] for the civil rights movement? up vote 1 down vote favorite 1 I'm trying to catch any error when run a command in order to write a log-file / report I've tried this code: function valid

Bash Error Message Variable

Like #!/bin/sh mv new /root/ mv old /root/ mv foo /code #many other commands If the file 'new' is not found bash will give an error message:foo: No such file or If not, why? Bash Last Error Message Skipping directly to level 4 How would family relationships change if legal system uses collective punishment? Bash Exit With Error Message You could fix this using a backup and a trap, but you also have the problem that the site will be inconsistent during the upgrade too.

Be atomic Sometimes you need to update a bunch of files in a directory at once, say you need to rewrite urls form one host to another on your website. weblink What are the holes on the sides of a computer case frame for? Program defensively - expect the unexpected Your script should take into account of the unexpected, like files missing or directories not being created. The above command will execute the ./tmp.sh script, and if the exit code is 0 the command echo "bam" will be executed. Bash Get Error Code

Use set -u How often have you written a script that broke because a variable wasn't set? true\" = $?" # 1 # Note that the "!" needs a space between it and the command. # !true leads to a "command not found" error # # The '!' Within a script, an exit nnn command may be used to deliver an nnn exit status to the shell (nnn must navigate here Testing for exit codes Earlier we used the $?

You should probably explore the Advanced Bash Scripting Guide to learn more about writing shell scripts. Bash Error Redirect The disadvantage of this technique is that you need to use twice as much disk space and that any process that keeps files open for a long time will still have Dude, I've spent the last ~5 hours trying to figure out different stuff on bash to get this figured out.

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This value is referred to as an exit code or exit status. All rights reserved. exit

The equivalent of a bare exit is exit $? or even just omitting the exit.

#!/bin/bash COMMAND_1 . . . Bash Error Output How to make different social classes look quite different?

That's the intended behavior. Is there a way in which to suppress all the error message in a script? EDIT I know this will work, but how to suppress numeric arg required showing after my custom message? [[ $TRESHOLD =~ ^[0-9]+$ ]] || exit "Threshold must be an integer value!" his comment is here true !true # No error this time, but no negation either. # It just repeats the previous command (true). # =========================================================== # # Preceding a _pipe_ with !

But what happens if the directory named in $some_directory doesn't exist? This will save more typing and promote laziness. # An error exit function function error_exit { echo "$1" 1>&2 exit 1 } # Using error_exit if cd $some_directory; then rm * Does mean=mode imply a symmetric distribution? special variable in bash.

Bash One Liner: $ ./tmp.sh && echo "bam" || (sudo ./tmp.sh && echo "bam" || echo "fail") Could not create file Successfully created file bam The above grouping of commands use